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非洲:席斯卡汗
非洲节奏音乐的代表之一、来自留尼旺岛的——席斯卡汗

席斯卡汗,法属留尼旺的代表性乐团。该团早在1979年就成立,期间虽然经历过成员重组,但依旧坚持着对留尼汪本土文化的继承和发展,以混合性的法语演唱传统玛洛亚的歌曲。玛洛亚是留尼汪岛最主要的两种本土音乐流派之一,于2009年被列入联合国科教文组织非物质文化遗产。这种音乐以打击乐为主要特点,其起源是留尼旺岛上的马达加斯加、非洲大陆、印度、印度尼西亚等移民音乐相互融合的产物。由于和殖民时期的奴隶文化紧密相连,所以常常被比作印度洋上的“蓝调”
核心人物吉尔伯特·普尼亚是一位永不停止探索和创作的音乐家和诗人,在他的引领下,席斯卡汗出版了一系列重要的世界音乐专辑。
 
One of the representatives of African Rhythms from Réunion: Zizkakan
 
Founded as early as 1979, Ziskakan is a leading band from the French oversea department Réunion Island. During its long history, reformation of group members happens from time to time, but it keeps on pioneering on the basis of inheriting local cultures, singing traditional Maloya in the Creole language. As one of the two major genres of Réunionnais music, Maloya was inscribed on the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity of UNESCO for France in 2009. This type of music characterized by its percussion part is a hybrid born out of different ethnicities on Réunion Island including Madagascar, Africa, India and Indonesia. Due to the close relationship between Maloya and the local slavery culture under colonial rule, it is often regarded as “the Blues from the Indian Ocean”.
 
The core of the band Gilbert Pounia is a musician and poet who never stops exploring. Under his leadership, Ziskakan has been a dynamic group throughout three decades and published series of recordings.
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